Presented below are the findings of the Gap Analysis of Goals. Each plan found in the Inventory of Existing Plans was analyzed. The goals of each plan were identified and organized into individual reports by the twelve sustainability topics outlined in the NJSCC project overview. These topics include Land Use and Urban Design, Housing, Transportation, Natural Systems, Energy and Climate, Asset-Based Economic Development, Industry Sector Development, Workforce Preparedness and Training, Business Environment and Entrepreneurial Support, Health and Safety, Education, and Arts and Culture.

LIVABILITY & ENVIRONMENT
Land Use and Urban Design
A look at the goals relating to land use and urban design revealed striking similarities among the jurisdictions reviewed. These goals included many relating to sustainability, including: promoting mixed-use development, reducing sprawl, building more compact communities, and re-developing underutilized properties.In all, eleven composite goals were determined to represent the goals stated in the plans reviewed.

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Housing
The topic of housing was most often addressed in the city plans reviewed. Among those that had goals relating to housing, the most common goals related to the desire to provide more affordable housing, diversify the housing stock, and retrofit older housing units. In all, thirteen composite goals were determined from the plans reviewed.

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Transportation
The majority of jurisdictions reviewed were found to have plans with goals that addressed the topic of transportation. The goals most often found were those that reflected one of the primary principles of sustainable planning: that transportation be concerned with the interconnectedness of modes as well as the relationship between transportation, land use, and other planning areas. The most common goal found was that which called for an increase and extra focus on developing communities around transit. In all, twelve transportation composite goals were determined.

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Natural Systems
There is a wide variance in whether and how the various jurisdictions reviewed address the topic of natural systems and the environment. None of the municipal plans reviewed discussed the subject whereas, unsurprisingly, the regional planning documents reviewed gave significant attention to environmental integrity of the region. The goals collected concerned a wide range of topics, from water quality to open space to general concerns over pollution. In all, 15 goals were synthesized on the subject of natural systems.

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Energy and Climate
Very few of the plans reviewed addressed the subject of energy an the climate. Of those that did, the most common goals dealt with the development and implementation of renewable energy sources as well as the retrofitting of older buildings to promote more efficient use of energy. In all, 11 goals were synthesized on this subject.

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ECONOMIC COMPETITIVENESS & WORKFORCE DEVELOPMENT
Asset-Based Economic Development

This topic was addressed by most of the jurisdictions but there was a gap as most of the jurisdictions focused on only a few of the goals. The most popular goals are related to the promotion and diversification of growth within the region and improving employment. In all, ten composite goals were determined for this topic.

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Industry Sector Development
There are very few goals addressed by each jurisdiction regarding the topic Industry Sector Development. The most popular goals are related to preparation of an inventory of industry uses and enhancing tax bases by encouraging compatible industrial development. In all there were twelve composite goals determined for this topic.

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Workforce Preparedness and Training

Very few of the plans reviewed addressed the subject of Workforce Preparedness and Training. An additional document – The NJ Unified State Plan – was included in the study. The most common theme found among all the goals was bridging the skill gap between industry and employees. There were nine composite goals determined for the subject.

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Business Environment and Entrepreneurial Support

Very few goals were addressed under this topic in the reviewed plans. The most popular goal promoted encouraged retail establishments that promote synergy among businesses and advocated advertising services provided by the government in order to promote the growth of businesses.  In all, ten goals were included based on the documents reviewed on the topic of Business Environment and Entrepreneurial Support.

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SOCIETY & COMMUNITY
Health and Safety
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Education

The subject of education was addressed in most of the reviewed documents. The goals varied from the education of the general population regarding the environment and other issues to the promotion of higher level education of the residents. The most popular goal was related to the education of officials, stake holders, school children and general public on environmental issues. In all, there were fourteen composite goals that addressed the subject.

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Arts and Culture

Very few goals are common to more than two jurisdictions. The underlying theme found in almost all was the protection of historical resources through different methods. The most popular goal addressed under this topic was related to the protection and preservation of cultural and archaeological resources of the region. There were thirteen composite goals covered for this subject.

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